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How to Start a Research Paper

The Five Commandments of Writing Research Papers

❶It should not be identical or too similar to the sentence you originally used. But remember that there are other ways you can summarize the main points of the paper in your conclusion.

Research Paper Examples and Samples

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Research-Based Writing
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It is impossible to write a such a task without creating drafts and outlines. That is why you need to pay careful attention to the research paper outline, as it will greatly simplify your future work and make the process of creating an assignment much simpler.

However, there are a few common rules and a regular structure of a research paper has the following pattern: If you want your paper to contain all the necessary information, have a clear structure and grab attention of the audience, you will need to follow a clear structure and provide all the necessary details to make sure your paper will be taken seriously.

A proper structure consists of such elements, as:. Research paper is quite a challenging task to complete but following a clear and proper structure will help you avoid all possible mistakes and will teach you how to gather and analyze information in a simple and fast way.

Although a research paper is probably the most typical academic assignment students need to complete at different steps of their education, most still have problems with choosing proper research paper ideas.

Check our list of brilliant topics research papers:. Nowadays, in order to make high-quality paper, one needs to spend a lot of time to conduct extensive research to suite professor's wishes. Supporting evidence expands the topic of your paper by making it appear more detailed. A conclusion should narrow the topic to a more general point. A conclusion should only summarize what you have already stated in the body of your paper. You may make a suggestion for further research or a call to action, but you should not bring in any new evidence or facts in the conclusion.

Avoid changing the tone of the paper. The tone of your research paper should be consistent the entire way through.

Most often, a shift in tone occurs when a research paper with an academic tone is give an emotional or sentimental conclusion. Even if the topic of the paper is of personal significance for you, you should not indicate as much in your paper. If you want to give your paper a more humanistic slant, you could start and end your paper with a story or anecdote that would give your topic more personal meaning to the reader. This tone should be consistent throughout the paper, however.

Do not make statements that downplay your authority or discoveries. Apologetic statements include phrases like "I may not be an expert" or "This is only my opinion. Avoid any statements in the first-person. First person is generally considered to be very informal and does not fit with the formal tone of a research paper. Part 3 Quiz How can you maintain a consistent tone throughout your paper? Write only in the first person. Use anecdotes throughout the text.

Keep your arguments strictly academic. Use the same verbs throughout your paper. Intros should be about sentences long, you want to pose and start your point but don't go into scrutinizing detail. Conclusions should be around , you are basically wrapping everything up so you want it short and sweet. Not Helpful 4 Helpful State your viewpoint on the main idea of your research paper. For example, if your paper is about endangered species and why they are becoming endangered and you feel it's due to neglect by world citizens, then that's your hypothesis: Not Helpful 9 Helpful How do I write a conclusion if my thesis is to prove or disprove something?

You should acknowledge the other side of the argument and discuss how your side is the "correct" one in the dispute; think of it like an "honorable mention. Not Helpful 5 Helpful Start by introducing your topic and hypothesis, then state your research findings and write a conclusion. Not Helpful 3 Helpful Not Helpful 4 Helpful 8.

Maybe just one or two, it's basically just the ending to wrap everything up. It doesn't have to be that long. Not Helpful 27 Helpful How can I make a conclusion in a research paper dealing with matters of environmental impact of agriculture? Answer this question Flag as How to make a clear conclusion in a reasearch paper?

Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Already answered Not a question Bad question Other. Quick Summary To write a conclusion for a research paper, start by restating your thesis statements. Did this summary help you? Essay Conclusions Research Papers In other languages: Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 1,, times. Did this article help you? Cookies make wikiHow better.

By continuing to use our site, you agree to our cookie policy. BF Brooke Fuller Mar AS Ayesha Siddiquie Mar SL Sally Larrin Mar The steps were useful in helping me use the information I already had to make a coherent finish to the article.

UA Ummay Aimen Sep 30, Part 1 helped a lot and also 'Common Pitfalls,' "In conclusion etc. A Anonymous Oct 22, It seems I did not include more than 2 points though, so it was a bit harder than it could have been for me. ML Maya Loeven Jun 4, Thank you to all the editors! A Anonymous Sep 26, It was very helpful, because it was hard to find such a tutorial in such great detail for free. EH Eleah Haan Feb 28, There were step-by-step steps and even a quick skim will give one an understanding of a essay conclusion.

MC Mark Consul Mar 6, This would help me make my research paper more catchy to my readers. KS Kathryn Salyer Feb 17, EH Eliza Hamilton Dec 12, Last minute history report due. I am a decent writer, but history kills me. This was so helpful!

A Anonymous Jun 1, MS Magi Saleh Jun 2, LB Louis Brooke Oct 16, BS Brooke Schmugar Oct 6, Now I know better! In this case, you might examine the speeches of British political leaders, editorials in major British newspapers, and voting support for the Scottish National Party or other regional parties.

You might also arrange an interview with an expert in the field: There are, however, gradations of primary evidence. The best sources are those in original languages that are linked to persons directly involved in the event or development that you are researching.

Next are the same sources translated into other languages. Then come sources that are studies of or otherwise refer to direct experience. In your research, you should endeavor to get as close as possible to the events or phenomena you are studying. But, of course, no one can speak every language and interview every participant in a political or social event. Part of being a creative scholar is figuring out how to assemble enough evidence using the skills and resources that you possess in order to make a clear and sustainable argument based on powerful and credible sources.

One other note for Georgetown students: Thou shalt make an argument. Unfortunately, many undergraduate research papers are really no more than glorified book reports. You know the drill: Check out ten books in English from the library, skim through three of them, note down a few facts or mark some pages, combine the information in your own words, and there you have it.

This will not do. There are no once-and-for-all answers in any scholarly field, but there are better and worse arguments. The better ones have powerful evidence based on reliable sources, are ordered and logical in the presentation of evidence, and reach a clear and focused conclusion that answers the question posed at the beginning of the paper.

In addition, good arguments also consider competing claims: What other counter-arguments have been put forward or could be put forward to counter your points? How would you respond to them? In fact, consideration of counter-arguments is often a good way to begin your paper. How have scholars normally accounted for a particular event or trend? What are the weaknesses of their accounts?

What evidence might be marshaled to suggest an alternative explanation?


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Each journal specializes in a specific area of research. Hence its readership varies. A proper choice of journal can make a larger impact of your research. Get to know the focus and readership of the journal that you are considering. - general vs. specialized area journal Select 2 or 3 journals in the chosen area with relatively high impact factors.

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Research paper is quite a challenging task to complete but following a clear and proper structure will help you avoid all possible mistakes and will teach you how to gather and analyze information in a simple and fast way.

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The Five Commandments of Writing Research Papers To write first-rate research papers, follow the following simple rules—well, simple to repeat, but too often ignored by most undergraduates. 1. Thou shalt do some background reading, think hard, and speak with the professor in order to identify a topic. As with writing a regular academic paper, research proposals are generally organized the same way throughout most social science disciplines. Proposals vary between ten and twenty-five pages in length.

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Research tips (including how to do research, how to write and present a paper, how to design a poster, how to review, etc), by Sylvia Miksch Notes on presenting theses, edited by Aaron Sloman, gives useful guidelines and ideas for PhD students writing their thesis. Sep 03,  · Expert Reviewed. How to Write a Conclusion for a Research Paper. Four Parts: Sample Conclusions Writing a Basic Conclusion Making Your Conclusion as Effective as Possible Avoiding Common Pitfalls Community Q&A The conclusion of a research paper needs to summarize the content and purpose of the paper without 80%(41).