Despite subsequent acknowledgment that such fear was overstated, the public outcry made a lasting impression on the juvenile justice system and the way in which U. By the end of the s, almost every state had enacted a law that made it easier for a juvenile to be tried in adult court and face adult sentences by lowering ages for transfer or waivers for violent crimes.
The trend toward a more conservative approach to juvenile justice continues, with the marked exception of the death penalty. In , the case of Thompson v. Oklahoma set the precedent for juvenile sentencing when the U. Supreme Court held that the execution of juveniles under the age of 16 was unconstitutional. As of , the United States was one of only a few countries to carry out the death penalty on those under age This changed in when, in Roper v.
This example Juvenile Justice System Essay is published for educational and informational purposes only. If you need a custom essay or research paper on this topic please use our writing services. Essays on Controversial Topics. Need a custom essay? In criminal justice programs, English classes and social services degrees, students will often have to write a research paper about juvenile delinquency.
This subject can be divisive because it is a major issue in today's society. From differing perspectives on punishment to rehabilitation programs, there are many topics that students can write about. The following topic ideas are designed to inspire student for their research paper.
Students can use the topics as they are written, or they can modify them for a more unique thesis statement. Once the student has picked a topic, they should begin researching it immediately. Research an essay can take weeks or months, so the process has to be started as soon as possible.
Ideally, students should make time for editing at the end of the writing process. To get the best score on the essay, students need to create a paper that is free of spelling errors and typos. If there are too many mistakes, it will distract the reader from the quality of the student's ideas. Homepage Our guides Family abuse research project writing Composing a research project body Terrorism research paper writing Crafting a research project on US zoos Getting APA term project examples Writing a term paper about drug abuse Getting a quality research paper sample Writing a research paper proposal letter Air pollution: On the contrary, those juvenile held in adult jails and prisons do not enjoy these services Siegel , Understanding that juveniles hold different emotional, safety, social and physical requirements from adult offenders, guidelines requiring certified juveniles to get placements in divergent setting other than adult prisons and jails is paramount.
More than sixteen states in America hold certified juveniles in juvenile corrections and not in adult prison until these offenders reach eighteen years. Six states hold juvenile in juvenile facilities until they attain the age of Pennsylvania and Virginia passed the laws requiring that juveniles, regardless of their crime, get placement in juvenile correction facilities and not in adult jails Dietch , p.
This is because…… [Read More]. Juvenile Court Philosophy the Office. They must also determine what types of delinquent behavior and youth violence are causing the greatest concern in the community. This intention seriously contradicts the intention of the juvenile justice system to demonstrate focus on individual cases of each juvenile offender and give it adequate time for understanding of all mitigating circumstances, rather than seeking to understand outside fear of crime.
The "mitigating" factors of public crime fear are in dire need of reevaluation, starting with unrealistic and…… [Read More]. These negative affects of increased usage not only directly affect juvenile drug abusers with increased occurrence of detention, but also make less effective rehabilitation programs needed for these young offenders.
Over the last two decades, there have been a plethora of clinical trial research that have identified effective adolescent substance use prevention programs. Sadly, funding for drug use prevention services has decreased over recent years, partly due to the increased need for drug user treatment for young people. As an example, in , Congress reduced funding for community drug prevention studies at the U.
With reduced funding, it is of even greater importance that prevention programs are as effective as possible. Juveniles and Delinquency Youths Are. Based on statistics, nearly one million eighth graders admit getting drunk and another 1. Heroin use by young adults has doubled from to and even teenage compulsive gambling is on the rise http: Youth Gangs and Violence - The Starting Point It should be noted that violence started from the family affecting the whole society.
Now, pertaining to the crimes and how the government solved it, it must be remembered that the laws are already there, it is already being maintained by the concerned officials and followed the U. But there are still some…… [Read More]. Juvenile Diversion in the Juvenile. The juvenile diversion system was established with funding from the iverside County Juvenile Justice Crime Prevention Act of , approved by the California Board of Corrections.
The evaluation was meant to collect baseline data and follow-up data to measure the success of each program, with the data including juvenile arrest rates per ,; arrest rates for program participants; incarceration rats; rate of completion of probation; probation violation rate; rate of completion of restitution; rate of completion of community service; and rates of truancy and family violence for those to which these apply.
Performance benchmarks were to be developed for each program iverside…… [Read More]. Juvenile System vs Adult Justice. The actual court proceedings in a juvenile court consist of the arrest procedure, search and seizure, and custodial interrogation Calderon The concept has been that the delinquent is a child rather than a criminal. Hence, rehabilitation rather than punishment is the court and the system's goal. One is the cause of serious juvenile crime.
Another is that young offenders need to be rehabilitated under a surrogate entity of the parens patriae concept. Another is a recent redefinition of young violent offenders as adults and their transfer to adult courts and the criminal or adult justice system. There has been increasing belief that they pose a serious and genuine threat to the safety of other young people and the community as a whole. An increase in serious juvenile crimes warrants more severe punishment. Juvenile Delinquency Juvenile Delinquents in.
Economic conditions that have forced both parents to work and have caused teenaged unemployment have also been associated with delinquency, as children are not only unsupervised, but also unoccupied. In addition to this, children who face undue hardships, such as physical and sexual abuse, as well as failure to perform academically, also often turn to delinquency oberts, Like Kim and Kim point out for South Korean children, stress is a likely culprit for the fact that dealing with difficult situations turns into delinquency in youth.
This problem is further compounded if the youth has not had instruction in making good choices from parents and teachers oberts, Thus, although they are on separate sides of the world, the United States and South Korea face many of the same problems when it comes to juvenile delinquents.
In both countries, the lack of a definite role for criminal justice personnel…… [Read More]. Juveniles Since biblical times, children have been mentioned and admonished about social transgressions. The first man and woman, according to the Christian Holy Bible suggest that Adam and Eve, both children of God, were in trouble from the outset; the consequences were dire with no "out" such as rehabilitation.
Today, of course, we see that rehabilitation is the primary focus for children's behaviors. Further, social attitudes toward children differ around the world in various cultures. These attitudes have changed over time, of course. The purpose of this paper is to detail differences in perception of children throughout history, with a particular emphasis in the periods between and, in contrast the "modern" period after The age at which children are considered responsible for their own actions e.
Meanwhile when the state asserts control over the child due to his non-criminal behavior that governmental intervention supports parens patriae, Siegel maintains. Parens patriae in Latin means "substitute parent"; its been the court's prerogative to intervene in cases where through no fault of his own a child has been neglected or is dependent, Alarid, et al.
States' intervention supports parens patriae simply because state courts believe -- and they assume without really knowing for certain -- that status offender is in his best interests Siegel, Approximately , under age youths technically children are sent to juvenile court as "status offenders" every year, Siegel explains This policy takes due process and throws it out the window, just because the individual is under age. Juveniles in Adult Incarceration Facilities.
In addition, the threat of being placed in an adult facility not only doesn't lower crime rates among juveniles, but increases their chances of recidivism and violent behavior Elikann, As one critic of the current laws stated: Yet today, approximately , young offenders are funneled directly into the adult court system, "the majority for property crimes and drug-related offenses" Bilchik, Sadly, while there are situations in which even an adolescent is a "lost cause" and must be kept locked away, the great majority of cases in which juveniles are tried as adults are unnecessary and unwise Elikann, Granted, the juvenile justice system is overloaded and needs to change, but channeling children into the adult system…… [Read More].
Juvenile Delinquency Has Long Plagued. In this form of punishment, authorities find infractions, encourage compliance and reward or punish and take away rights depending on the individual's response. In , Fritz edl and David Wineman as cited in Vander Ven, wrote about another approach in their book, the Aggressive Child, which proved to be much more successful at their juvenile residence Pioneer House.
However, for various reasons, their methodology never received much of a following Vander Ven, Now, residential institutions are revisiting edl and Wineman's approach, which has greater credibility due to insights in the behavioral sciences over the past several decades. The distinction between typical youth and those who hate and are filled with anger, say edl and Wineman, is that while neither always behave perfectly, typical children will respond to interventions that remind them of what is good behavior.
However, even these "normal" children under certain types of stress may not…… [Read More]. Juvenile Offenders and Rehabilitation. Juvenile offenders have grown to become a serious problem in many countries, especially the United States. Like adult offenders, juvenile offenders are more likely to reoffend, especially without the proper guidance and assistance they need in order to live a law abiding life. This paper will focus on rehabilitation programs for juvenile offenders and prevention programs that help in lessening the number of potential juvenile offenders by proposing alternative means of coping with hardship and stress.
Farrington's Integrated Cognitive Antisocial Potential Theory will be examined within the context of juvenile offenders and how this framework may be applied to understanding Juvenile motivations for engaging in criminal activities Importance of rehabilitation will be emphasized because…… [Read More].
Juvenile drug courts are among the most recent innovations in the treatment of substance-involved adolescents in the justice system. Their emergence in the s was driven by the rising rates of substance abuse among adolescents -- a report by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, for instance, showed that substance usage among high school students had risen substantially in the s, with almost 9.
Juvenile drug courts were established after it became apparent that the traditional juvenile court system did not deal effectively with substance abuse, mental illness and other related problems owing to its lack of specialization…… [Read More]. Juvenile Delinquency Juvenile Sexual Offending. Moreover, if an adolescent who has reached 18 commits sexual offending is considered an adult sex offender, "what does this mean for young adults who engaged in sexually abusive behavior prior to age 18?
The holistic model, grounded on the principle that the 'whole' of the person needs to be taken into consideration, must look into the nature of the individual "whose emotions, cognitions, behaviors and relationships are driven by multiple factors, many of which are unique to that individual" p.
In other words, the approach should first and foremost focus on learning…… [Read More]. Retrieved on 15 Nov. The history of juvenile justice. The impact of juvenile transfer laws on juvenile crime. An effective deterrent to delinquency? Works Cited Dedel, K. Child abuse and neglect in the home. Retrieved December 9, from www. Children's exposure to violence: A comprehensive national survey. Problems facing the juvenile justice system.
Due to the never ending diversity of nature of crime, in the s through to mid s there was a rise in juvenile crimes with the peak being after which it took a nose dive. This necessitated the legislation of 'get tough on crime' measures.
This was an amendment of the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act and it now allowed states to try juveniles as adults in cases of violent crimes and crimes involving use of weapons. In some states, there were even stipulated detention periods and standards. The prediction fronted by Potter Stewart that there would be treatment of juveniles as adult criminals came to pass then. This system no longer treated juvenile delinquents under the violent crimes as delinquents but as young criminals as rehabilitation took a back bench.
It was in the same period that there was witnessed growth in juveniles who took violence as a way of life, school shootings, use of crude weapons in playing fields among other crimes Lawyershop This trend of transferring juvenile cases into fully fledged criminal cases has persisted to date.
There has been a gradual increase in 'waiver' of cases from the juvenile courts to the state criminal courts in the recent years. Through the judicial waiver, statutory exclusion or prosecutorial discretion, the juveniles are considered 'legal adults' there are several reasons contributing to the waiver of such cases in the U. Among the reasons for waiver of cases in the U. However, there are some states where the minimum age does not apply.
Majority of the cases waived to criminal courts include murder; injury directly inflicted on the victim or assault; malicious destruction of property; crimes involving disruption of public order, obstruction of justice and crime involving use of weapons; and drug offences.
There are as well other minor offenses like fish and game violation that warrant waiver since they do not fall under the jurisdiction of the juvenile courts. Some courts will also offer waiver to cases of felony to repeat offender. A waiver can also be issued in some states under circumstances that the jury postulates that the offender is not susceptible to treatment.
Waiving juveniles to criminal court can also be due to consideration that the involved juvenile deserves more punitive criminal court authority. It also operates on the premises that the "get tough" approach to fighting delinquency will help deter intending criminal characters.
However, research has it that these more. Sources Building Blocks for Youth. Florida's experience with Trying Juveniles as Adults. An analysis of state transfer and blended sentencing laws. Trying to Compare Recidivism Rates. References Crippen, Gary L. The juvenile court's next century-Getting past the ill-founded talk of abolition.
Journal of Constitutional Law, 2 1. Abolish the juvenile court: Youthfulness, criminal responsibility, and sentencing policy. The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 88 1 , The transfer of juveniles to criminal court: Does it make a difference? Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 26, References Katya Komisaruk, Differences Between Juvenile and Adult Court. Retrieved October 16, from http: Whitehead and Steven P. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 55 4 , Child Welfare, 89 5 , A Review of Policies, Programs and Trends.
Prosecuting Adolescents in Adult and Juvenile Courts. The Florida Department of Juvenile Justice Works Cited Healy, Kerry Murphy. The early history of the court. The Future of Children 6: Delinquency Cases in Juvenile Court, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Old enough to know better: Issue of juvenile offender competency and culpability.
References American Psychological Association , Aug. Native Child and Family Rights. Accessed 12 Sept Disproportionality in Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice. Juvenile and Family Court Journal. Racial Equity and Subsidized Guardianship: Works Cited Dodge, L. A Century of Reform at the Cook County. Columbia University Press, Juvenile Justice in the Making. Oxford University Press, Retrieved 5 May at http: References List Sells, S. Reducing Adolescent Oppositional and Conduct Disorders: Adult supervision and children's affiliations.
Criminology, 43 1 , 77 -- Retrieved 25 February , from http: State Juvenile Justice Profiles, pp. National Center for Juvenile Justice. Juvenile Justice View Full Essay. Hip hop in history: Past, present, and future. The Journal of African-American History, 90 3 , The death of civil rights and the reign of hip hop. Case studies of children in the juvenile justice system. The Journal of Negro Education, 71 3 , References Black male dropouts lead nation in incarceration. Civil Liberties in a Turbulent Age.
A History of American Law. An Introductory Text for the 21st Century. Reference Commonwealth of Virginia, Steps in the Virginia Juvenile Justice System. Retrieved September 9, from: History of America's Juvenile Justice System. Works Cited Eskridge, Chris W. Criminal Justice, 4th edition.
Criminal Justice Today 8th edition. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Another report breaks down the statistics by race in the following: Blacks had the highest rate of violent victimization of any other racial group In , approximately , Hispanics experienced violent crime.
American Indian teenagers however are more likely than any other group. Youth at risk - in facilities that are supposed to help! Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing, 14 4 , Commission on Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education Juvenile Crime, Juvenile Justice: Retrieved February 26, , from the National Academies Press. References Bishop, Donna M.
Race effects in juvenile justice Decision-making: Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology. Glasser, Jeff , May 8. And Justice for Some. Of disproportionate minority confinement. Juvenile Corrections View Full Essay.
10 Juvenile Justice Research Paper Topics You Can Feel Free To Use If you are about to write a research paper on topics concerning juvenile justice, you will realize that not all topics may be approved by your tutor.
Juvenile Justice essays In the society we live in today, juvenile justice is a nation wide concern of law enforcement. However to what extent the laws and penalties used towards the youth of today has been a major focus of many criminologists and organizations around the nation. Many people feel t.
Juvenile Justice System Essay The U.S. juvenile justice system is currently designed to address the special needs of minors who engage in criminal acts but might not yet be held fully responsible for their behavior, as they are not yet legal adults recognized by society. 12 Catchy Research Paper Topics On Juvenile Delinquency. In criminal justice programs, English classes and social services degrees, students will often have to write a research paper about juvenile delinquency. Juvenile Delinquency Topic Ideas. Research an essay can take weeks or months, so the process has to be started as soon as.
Dec 03, · Essays - largest database of quality sample essays and research papers on Juvenile Justice Paper Topics. In order to help you come up with a winning topic idea for a research project related to juvenile offending, here we provide a range of good prompts. Homepage; Criminal justice research paper topics; Creating a title about cloning; Juvenile delinquency is a challenge in so many parts of the world these days. You need to be able to.